2.11

elm-reactor

Earlier when we built a simple web page in Elm, we first created a file with .elm extension and put our Elm code in it. We then compiled it to JavaScript using elm-make. After that we referenced the output file (elm.js) from index.html to load our Elm application into the browser. That was a lot of steps just to see the result of our Elm code. Elm provides an interactive development tool called elm-reactor that lets us see the result of our code instantly. Go to the beginning-elm directory in the terminal and run this command: elm-reactor. You should see something like this.

elm-reactor

elm-reactor 0.18.0
Listening on http://localhost:8000

elm-reactor has created a development server on port 8000.

If you have another server running on port 8000, you need to terminate it by hitting Ctrl + c from the terminal. Otherwise, elm-reactor won’t be able to launch a development server.

If you visit http://localhost:8000/ from a browser, you will see the contents of our root project directory beginning-elm. You will also see a list of packages our project depends on and the project metadata contained in elm-package.json file.

Right now the Package Information section shows a generic text. Let’s change it to a description that reflects our application’s purpose. Change summary key’s value in elm-package.json as shown below.

{
    "version": "1.0.0",
    "summary": "A sample app for learning web application development with Elm.",
    .
    .    
}

If you refresh the page at http://localhost:8000/ you should see the new description under Package Information. As of this writing, if the description is longer than 80 characters, elm-reactor won’t display the package information and dependencies sections.

Next click on the HomePage.elm link under File Navigation section. You should see something like this:

elm-reactor compiles the code in HomePage.elm file and renders it on a browser. Unfortunately, the page doesn’t look as nice as our original home page:

As of this writing, elm-reactor doesn’t support loading external CSS frameworks such as Bootstrap. It has other limitations too. For example, it lacks live reloading - a technique that reloads a page automatically when the underlying code changes - thus requiring us to refresh the page manually every time we make a small change to our code to see the result. Because of these limitations, elm-reactor might not provide the best development experience especially when building complex applications that demand a robust build process. Fortunately, there are multiple build tools out there that are much more powerful than elm-reactor. One such tool is Webpack. The discussion of these tools is out of scope for this book. That being said, elm-reactor is still great for prototyping simple applications and we will be using it throughout this book.

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